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China has been infiltrating India under a well-thought-out strategy, claims research

“Chinese intrusion on the western and central borders of India was not sudden or accidental, rather, it was part of deliberate strategy and efforts. Through this, China wanted to have permanent control in the border areas.”

This claim has been made in the research of international experts (Rising Tension in the Himalayas: A Geospatial Analysis of Chinese Incursion) on the issue of alleged Chinese incursion into India.

This study was done jointly by North Western University of America, Technical University of Delft in the Netherlands, and the Netherlands Defense Academy.

For this study, data on alleged Chinese incursions into India from 2006 to 2020 were looked at and analyzed in different ways. 

According to this study, China’s incursions into India can be divided into two separate conflicts – West/Central (Aksai Chin area) and East (Arunachal Pradesh).
India considers the Aksai Chin area of ​​Ladakh as its territory, but there is Chinese control.
India claims that China occupied thousands of kilometers of land there during the 1962 war.
In their analysis, the researchers found that Chinese incursions into the West were strategically planned. Its purpose was to gain permanent control.
In the research, ‘infiltration’ is defined as any movement of the Chinese military in those border areas which are internationally considered to be Indian territory.

Researchers identified 13 such hotspots, where China infiltrated several times.

 According to 15-year statistics, China infiltrated an average of about eight times each year. However, government figures are much more than this.

In the year 2020, there was a bloody skirmish between the soldiers of both the countries in Galvan Valley. Image GETTY IMAGES

What is the dispute?
There is no consensus on the 3,488 km long Line of Actual Control between India and China.

China believes that Arunachal Pradesh is part of South Tibet, while India rejects this claim.

 Aksai Chin is a large area in Ladakh which is currently under the control of China, but India claims it as its part.

 According to the data of the Government of India, the Chinese army entered Indian territory 1 thousand 25 times between 2016 and 2018.

In the year 2019, the then Minister of State for Defense Shripad Naik informed in the Lok Sabha that in 2016 alone, China had infiltrated 273 times, which increased to 426 in 2017 and it came to 326 in 2018.

John Tino Breeduwer and Robert Fockin of the Technical University of Delft, Kevin Green of the School of Public International Affairs, Princeton University, Roy Lindloff of the Netherlands Defense Academy, as well as other experts from the Netherlands, Subramaniam of the Computer Science Department of Northwestern University, USA, and The Buffett Institute of Global Affairs contributed to this research.
 A press release related to this study was issued on Thursday. According to this, China’s incursion into the Indian border was not an accidental incident. With the passage of time, cases of Chinese infiltration have also increased.
 The researchers found that conflicts in the eastern and central regions were part of China’s deliberate expansionist policy.
VS Subramaniam of Northwestern says, “There is very little chance of China infiltrating suddenly or without prior planning, but such cases in the eastern sector are less than in the west.”
Try to grab big chunks little by little

The researchers also found indications that only Aksai Chin had been repeatedly infiltrated under deliberate efforts. China wants its permanent control here by deploying more and more troops for a long time.

 VS Subramaniam says, “China grabs a little bit of territory and continues to do so until India accepts it as Chinese territory. China occupies a small part, but over time it becomes a large part of the land.

On China’s greater interest in Aksai Chin, Subramaniam says that more cases of infiltration in the western sector are not surprising.

 He says that Aksai Chin is such a strategically important place, where China wants to develop.

That’s why it is very important for them. It is an important route between China and its autonomous regions like Tibet, and Xinjiang.

 This research also mentions the Galvan conflict of June 2020. In this conflict, 20 Indian soldiers were killed. At the same time, China officially acknowledged the death of its four soldiers for a long time.

However, India claims that more Chinese soldiers were killed. Some reports also claim that more Chinese soldiers were killed.

It has been said in the research that China keeps trying to enter Indian territory in a short time.

 Through several rounds of military talks and diplomacy, both countries have withdrawn their troops from many places of tension.

However, the dispute in Demchok and Depsang areas has not been resolved.

PM Modi reached China to participate in the BRICS summit in the year 2017 Image GETTY IMAGES

When does China increase ‘infiltration’?

Another study by Subramaniam and his colleagues in North Western’s study also mentions.

According to this, whenever China feels most vulnerable, it intensifies infiltration activity.

Subramaniam says, “We found that when China is facing a crisis on the economic front, its consumers are undervalued, then it attacks. Along with this, China intensifies infiltration efforts even when India and America grow closer.

 According to the research, India’s joining the ‘Quad Group’ along with the US, Japan, and Australia also probably played a role in intensifying China’s activities on the border.

 On the other hand, China is increasing cooperation with Pakistan and it is ready to fill the gap left after the departure of Western countries from Afghanistan.

China’s foreign policy is also becoming increasingly aggressive. It has increased military exercises around Taiwan and is also expanding into the South China Sea.

China paid tribute to the soldiers killed in Galvan last year Image GETTY IMAGES

This rising tension between the world’s two most populous countries has been considered risky in terms of global security and economy.

 However, in conclusion, it has also been said in the research that there is no possibility of improving the situation between India and China in the near future and still both countries are constantly on high alert.

There has been a situation of tension between India and China in eastern Ladakh for the last 29 months.

Since the violent clashes in the Galvan Valley of eastern Ladakh, there is no warmth in the bilateral relations between the two countries.

India has consistently maintained its stand that bilateral relations can proceed only after maintaining peace on the border.



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