Attention Big danger hovering over many big cities of the country including Mumbai, the World Meteorological Department issued a warning
WMO Report: Sea level rise will not only lead to the loss of coastal ecosystems and services but also groundwater salinity, flooding, and damage to
With 7,500 km of coastline spread across nine coastal states, 12 major and 200 minor ports, India could face serious long-term ramifications. (wiki commons)
Mumbai. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in its latest global report has warned that the global oceans are warming faster than ever before, with countries like India most vulnerable with their vast coastal populations. In this, along with Mumbai, a list of those big coastal cities has been given, which can be most affected due to the disaster caused by this climate change.
According to the report, even if global warming is miraculously limited to the 1.5-degree target of the Paris Climate Agreement, there will still be a large sea level rise. It has been said that countries like Bangladesh, China, India, and Netherlands are in danger in any situation. Sea level rise will not only lead to the loss of coastal ecosystems and services, but also to groundwater salinity, flooding, and damage to coastal infrastructure. It also poses a risk to economies, livelihoods, and water security in areas that are already vulnerable to storm surges and tidal changes.
India may be affected in the long term
Data shows that the average rate of sea level rise between 1901 and 1971 was 1.3 mm year-1, increasing to 1.9 mm year-1 between 1971 and 2006, and increasing by 3.7 mm/yr between 2006 and 2018. The WMO has reported that the sea level rise during the period 2013-22 has been 4.5 mm per year – the highest ever. Another challenge here is that this rise in sea level is not globally uniform and varies regionally.
With 7,500 km of coastline spread across nine coastal states, 12 major and 200 minor ports, India could face serious long-term ramifications. “The report has once again exposed India’s insecurity. Anjal Prakash, research director at the Bharti Institute of Public Policy and lead author of the IPCC report, said, “India is also exposed to water insecurity due to sea level rise due to salinity and decline in fish production.”
According to Prakash, more changes are needed to ensure water security in terms of securing the livelihood of fishermen and providing safe and clean water to those living in coastal areas. “We need more discussion at the policy level, not only about adaptation but also about mapping climate impacts at the local level.”
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