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Foreign Ministry report: Relations with China still complicated, Pakistan conspires against India

In its annual report for the year 2022, the Ministry of External Affairs has been criticizing both its neighbours India and China for their attempts to disturb peace along India’s northern and western borders.

Image Source: FILE Foreign Ministry report: Relations with China still complicated, Pakistan conspires against India

New Delhi: India has acknowledged that its ties with China are “complicated” while criticizing Pakistan for consistently sponsoring cross-border terrorism despite New Delhi’s efforts to normalize ties. In its annual report for the year 2022, the Ministry of External Affairs has been criticizing both its neighbouring countries for attempts to disturb peace along India’s northern and western borders.

The report said, “India’s engagement with China is complex. Chinese attempts to unilaterally change the status quo along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the western sector starting from April-May 2020 have led to disruption of peace along the LAC.” Indian Armed Forces have faced them.”

It further added that the External Affairs Minister conveyed to his counterpart that restoration of normalcy would require restoration of peace and tranquillity in the border areas. It was also highlighted that India-China relations are based on three pillars- mutual respect, mutual sensitivity and mutual interest. Both sides engaged through diplomatic (11 meetings of Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination since June 2020) and military channels (17 meetings of Senior Supreme Military Commanders (SHMC) since June 2020) to resolve outstanding issues along the LAC Has happened.

India takes initiative for good relations, and Pakistan does not desist from antics
The Annual Report on Pakistan states that India desires normal neighbourly relations with Pakistan. India’s consistent position is that any issues, if any, between India and Pakistan should be resolved bilaterally and peacefully in an environment free from terrorism and violence. This is responsibility. However, Pakistan continues to sponsor cross-border terrorism against India, restricting normal trade, connectivity and people-to-people exchanges.

It also states that Pakistan is engaged in hostile and fabricated propaganda to defame India and divert attention from its domestic political and economic failures. India has completely and categorically rejected all actions and statements of Pakistan on matters which are completely internal to India.

To expand further, building positive and cooperative relationships between countries requires a long-term approach that prioritizes mutual understanding, respect, and trust. This involves not only engaging in high-level diplomacy but also fostering people-to-people exchanges, cultural cooperation, and economic interdependence.

In the case of China, its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has been a major driver of economic engagement with other countries, particularly in Asia, Africa, and Europe. The BRI aims to build infrastructure, promote trade, and connect countries through a network of roads, railways, ports, and pipelines. However, the initiative has also raised concerns about debt sustainability, environmental impact, and the potential for China to wield undue influence in recipient countries.

Therefore, it is essential for all countries to engage with China in a constructive and responsible manner that promotes mutual benefits and upholds international norms and standards. This requires a balance between competition and cooperation, as well as a commitment to transparency, accountability, and respect for human rights.

The complexity of international relations between countries, particularly in the case of China, underscores the need for a nuanced and long-term approach to diplomacy and engagement.

Kashmir is an integral part of India and the illegal smuggling of arms to Pakistan
The report said, “There is a broad understanding among the countries that Jammu and Kashmir is an integral part of India and that matters relating to it are internal to India. Despite India’s persistent insistence that Pakistan not cede its soil or territory to its territory since January 2004, respects its commitment not to subjugate. There has been no let-up in controls used for terrorism against India, cross-border terrorism, infiltration and illegal smuggling of arms into India across the Line of Control and the International Border.”

It further states, “Pakistan has not yet shown sincerity in providing justice to the families of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks. India calls upon Pakistan to take credible, irreversible and verifiable action to end cross-border terrorism.” There has been a constant emphasis on the need

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